Techniques for obtaining credentials like login information, account names, and passwords by extracting credential information from a system in various locations such as clear-text files, registry, memory dumping, etc.
As a red teamer, gaining access to legitimate credentials has benefits:
It can give access to systems (Lateral Movement).
It makes it harder to detect our actions.
It provides the opportunity to create and manage accounts to help achieve the end goals of a red team engagement.