DOM XSS via client-side prototype pollution


This lab is vulnerable to DOM XSS via client-side prototype pollution.

Reproduction and proof of concept

Find a prototype pollution source

  1. In browser, try polluting the Object.prototype by injecting an arbitrary property via the query string:

  1. Open the browser DevTools panel and go to the Console tab.

  2. Enter Object.prototype.

  3. Study the properties of the returned object. Observe that it now has a foo property with the value bar. You’ve successfully found a prototype pollution source.

Prototype pollution

Identify a gadget

  1. In the browser DevTools panel, go to the Sources tab.

  2. Study the JavaScript files that are loaded by the target site and look for any DOM XSS sinks.

  3. In searchLogger.js, notice that if the config object has a transport_url property, this is used to dynamically append a script to the DOM.

Prototype pollution

  1. Notice that no transport_url property is defined for the config object. This is a potential gadget for controlling the src of the script element.

Craft an exploit

  1. Using the prototype pollution source you identified earlier, try injecting an arbitrary transport_url property:


Prototype pollution

  1. In the browser DevTools panel, go to the Elements tab and study the HTML content of the page. Observe that a script element has been rendered on the page, with the src attribute foo.

  2. Modify the payload in the URL to inject an XSS proof-of-concept. For example, you can use a data: URL:

  1. Observe that the alert(1) is called and the lab is solved.

Prototype pollution


An attacker will need to find a source that can be used to add arbitrary properties to the global Object.prototype; identify a gadget property that allows for executing arbitrary JavaScript; combine these to call alert().

This lab can be solved manually in a browser, or by using DOM Invader.